Challenges of using Augmented Reality to support an efficient and error-free assembly in complex variant environments

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nad
Author: Dausch, Valesko Cedrik (1); Roth, Daniel (1); Kreimeyer, Matthias (1); Bohr, Sebastian (2)
Series: ICED
Institution: 1: University of Stuttgart; 2: MAN Truck & Bus SE
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 0857-0866
DOI number:


As part of the digital transformation towards Industry 4.0, the tasks of staff on the shop floor are changing. Despite increasing automation, complex assembly steps still have to be carried out by humans, especially when it comes to complex products rich in variants, whose assembly cannpt be fully automated for various reasons. Due to increasing individualization and the steadily growing complexity of products, providing the right information at the right time and in the right place is becoming more important. In this context, the visualization of information via novel technologies such as augmented reality plays a crucial role towards an efficient and error-free production process. This paper compiles existing challenges when using augmented reality as a visualization form for an assistance system. On the one hand, the challenges found originate from a systematic literature review and are organized according to predefined categories. On the other hand, these challenges are complemented and compared through findings gained from expert interviews, which are conducted with employees of two European commercial vehicle manufacturers in the field of production. The analysis of the two methods highlights the need for further research.

Keywords: Visualisation, Industry 4.0, Augmented Reality, Assembly, Information management

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